Facial TraumaThe oral and maxillofacial surgeon performs the proper treatment of facial injuries. These professionals must be well versed in emergency care, acute treatment and long term reconstruction and rehabilitation not just for physical reasons but emotional as well. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons are trained, skilled and uniquely qualified to manage and treat facial trauma. Injuries to the face, by their very nature, impart a high degree of emotional, as well as physical trauma to patients. The science and art of treating these injuries requires special training involving a hands-on experience and an understanding of how the treatment provided will influence the patients long-term function and appearance.
Dr. Beckley has a special interest in the treatment and reconstruction of facial injuries. He is on staff at the Stanford Health Care - ValleyCare Medical Center and the Alameda County Medical Center and is responsible for patient care and resident education. He is trained, skilled and uniquely qualified to manage and treat facial trauma. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons are on staff at local hospitals and deliver emergency room coverage for facial injuries, which include the following conditions:
The Nature of Maxillofacial TraumaThere are a number of possible causes of facial trauma such as motor vehicle accidents, accidental falls, sports injuries, interpersonal violence and work related injuries. Types of facial injuries can range from injuries of teeth to extremely severe injuries of the skin and bones of the face. Typically, facial injuries are classified as either soft tissue injuries (skin and gums), bone injuries (fractures), or injuries to special regions (such as the eyes, facial nerves or the salivary glands).
Soft Tissue Injuries of the Maxillofacial RegionWhen soft tissue injuries such as lacerations occur on the face, they are repaired by suturing. In addition to the obvious concern of providing a repair that yields the best cosmetic result possible, care is taken to inspect for and treat injuries to structures such as facial nerves, salivary glands and salivary ducts (or outflow channels). Dr. Beckley is a board certified oral and maxillofacial surgeon and is proficient at diagnosing and treating facial lacerations.
Bone Injuries of the Maxillofacial RegionFractures of the bones of the face are treated in a manner similar to the fractures in other parts of the body. The specific form of treatment is determined by various factors, which include the location of the fracture, the severity of the fracture, the age, and the general health of the patient. When an arm or a leg is fractured, a cast is often applied to stabilize the bone to allow for proper healing. Since a cast cannot be placed on the face, other means have been developed to stabilize facial fractures.
The treatment of facial fractures should be accomplished in a thorough and predictable manner. More importantly, the patient’s facial appearance should be minimally affected. An attempt at accessing the facial bones through the fewest incisions necessary is always made. At the same time, the incisions that become necessary are designed to be small, and whenever possible are placed so that the resultant scar is hidden.
Injuries to the Teeth and Surrounding Dental StructuresIsolated injuries to teeth are quite common and may require the expertise of various dental specialists. Oral surgeons usually are involved in treating fractures in the supporting bone or in replanting teeth that have been displaced or knocked out. These types of injuries are treated by one of a number of forms of splinting (stabilizing by wiring or bonding teeth together). If a tooth is knocked out, it should be placed in salt water or milk. The sooner the tooth is re-inserted into the dental socket, the better chance it will survive. Therefore, the patient should see a dentist or oral surgeon as soon as possible. Never attempt to wipe the tooth off, since remnants of the ligament that hold the tooth in the jaw are attached and are vital to the success of replanting the tooth. Other dental specialists may be called upon such as endodontists, who may be asked to perform root canal therapy, and/or restorative dentists who may need to repair or rebuild fractured teeth. In the event that injured teeth cannot be saved or repaired, dental implants are often utilized as replacements for missing teeth.
Oral PathologyThe condition of the soft tissues in your mouth can say a lot about your oral health. When your mouth is healthy, the intraoral tissues are smooth and pink. Any changes to the color or texture of these tissues can be indicative of a major issue and should be addressed immediately. At Pacific Oral & Facial Surgery Center, we offer oral pathology, enabling us to diagnose oral health issues and provide you with the treatment you need.Learn more about Oral Pathology
The proper treatment of facial injuries is now the realm of specialists who are well versed in emergency care, acute treatment, long-term reconstruction and rehabilitation of the patient.Learn more about Treating Facial Trauma.
Board certified in Oral & Maxillofacial surgeryThe surgical specialty of oral and maxillofacial surgery requires up to six additional years of hospital based surgical and anesthesia training beyond dental school.
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